A Development of Number Circuit Game Based Learning Strategy to Introduce Numeral Symbols for Children Aged 4-5 Years


  • Rahmi Wardah Ningsih State University of Yogyakarta
  • Slamet Suyanto State University of Yogyakarta
  • Fauzi Fahmi Islamic State University of North Sumatera




Learning strategies, Number circuit games, introduction to numeral symbols


Understanding the concept of numeral symbols in early childhood is fundamental to understanding mathematical concepts in the future. In view of that, children aged 4-5 years found many problems such as unable to distinguish the form of number symbols, unappropriated learning strategies, and monotonous learning activities. This study aimed to: (1) develop the learning strategies using number circuit games to introduce numeral symbols for 4-5-year-old-children; (2) assess the effectiveness of implementing number circuit games as the learning strategies introducing numeral symbols for 4-5-year-old children. ADDIE with five stages – namely analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation – was adopted in this research. The data were analyzed descriptively through qualitative and quantitative techniques. The evidence revealed that: (1) the introduction of numeral symbols for 4-5-year-old children by memorizing and understandings required the implementation of game-based learning strategies; (2) number circuit games which were modified based on the material, the implementation, and the purpose were suitable for children of 4-5 years old; (3) learning strategies using number circuit games to introduce numeral symbols for children of 4-5 year with p-value. Sig 0.000 < 0.05 had revealed that there were significant differences in children’s ability in identifying the numeral symbols.


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How to Cite

Wardah Ningsih, R., Slamet Suyanto, & Fahmi, F. . (2021). A Development of Number Circuit Game Based Learning Strategy to Introduce Numeral Symbols for Children Aged 4-5 Years. Mitra Ash-Shibyan: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Konseling, 4(01), 47–58. https://doi.org/10.46963/mash.v4i01.231